Personal Value System vs Professional Value System | The Critical Blog
Publication date: Document Anti-oppressive practice (AOP) is a concept that, at its core, is concerned with promoting values of . researchers not giving due consideration to ethical issues that ensure participants suffer no harm. Also race is only one aspect of anti-oppressive practice and issues of gender, Social work research ethics can thus be seen as promoting a distinctive attitude. CrossRef citations to date. 0 This paper describes the development of an anti‐ oppressive ethics and values module appropriate for the new social work degree. Council code of practice, as well as the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher.
In order to do this, a practitioner must advocate on behalf of the service user. X explained that in his own personal experience and the experience of many of his peers, their needs and views were not represented as they were not mentally prepared for independent living. He elaborated that they did not wish to leave the care home and as a result he was faced with an overwhelming sense of vulnerability and anxiety.
My immediate response when listening to his experiences was to question whether, in following this procedure, practitioners are indeed promoting independence or in fact negligent in their duty to advocate for and protect the service user from harm? Having considered what X had said, my initial feeling was that in order to effectively fulfil the key role of supporting looked after children and representing their needs, a more Kantian approach is necessary.
Listening to X, it could be claimed looked after children are being categorised, stigmatised and treated as such, as opposed to being judged as a visible human being whose autonomy is respected. To be considered a competent practitioner, it is imperative I am aware of my emotions and am capable of managing them in a setting where my personal and professional values conflict.Ethics in Public Health: A Closer Look at Current Issues
As child protection is the area of social work practice I am most likely to be employed in Crossing Borders, Although in practice it may become challenging, I feel my personality traits and values indicate that I also possess the moral character to stand by my convictions, meaning I now feel capable of moral behaviour Banks, The second issue that shall now be considered involved working with a service user, as opposed to listening to their experiences in a learning environment.
I currently work as a support worker in a hostel for homeless men. My role requires me to work with and provide support for individuals who have a history of alcohol abuse and who have experienced a breakdown in family relationships. As part of my role I was also required to work with an individual hereafter Y who has a history of committing sexual offences, and it immediately became apparent to me that this was going to conflict with my personal values and beliefs regarding forms of abuse.
Rightly or wrongly, at that time I felt that sexual abuse was a particularly despicable crime and that I may find it difficult to engage with and provide effective support to a perpetrator of this type of act. I was also concerned that my feelings regarding sexual abuse would be an obstacle in terms of my ability to empathise with Y. Therefore, I was faced with the ethical dilemma of whether to help Y, thus going against my views regarding abuse and oppression, or choosing not to work with Y, which in itself is a form of oppression as I would be devaluing the service user as a member of a group socially configured as inferior.
Therefore, if I was unable to manage my personal values and beliefs regarding this matter it would raise questions regarding my competence for practice. Furthermore, one of the key roles for social work practice is having to prepare for and work with individuals, families, carers, groups and communities to assess their needs and circumstances DHSSPS, In keeping with this key role, I chose to accept Y for who he was and show him the respect and dignity of every human being Banks, In order to do this, however, I would need to demonstrate emotional intelligence and self-awareness, which is what we already know about ourselves, what we learn when encountering new experiences and what we learn through contact with others Trevithick, Banks feels that practitioners only begin to realise the limitations of their self-awareness when presented with problems that trigger reactions inappropriate to the situation Banks, This is beneficial in terms of my self-development and enabled me to successfully manage and reflect on this complex ethical dilemma, which is a practice foci for one of the key social work roles; demonstrate and be responsible for professional competence in social work practice.
DHSSPS, In terms of future practice, if I were faced with a similar situation I would refer to the previously mentioned Biesteck principles, with particular consideration given to controlled emotional involvement, acceptance and adopting a non-judgemental attitude, to ensure I am able to empathise effectively, while also providing the support that the service user needs.
In conclusion, when considering the points and literature above, it is pertinently clear that maintaining congruence between personal and professional values can be quite challenging, even for the more experienced practitioner. As modern social work practice moves away from the Kantian approach to a more bureaucratic or utilitarian approach, this will no doubt lead to further ethical dilemmas for practitioners to manage.
Therefore, it is essential that practitioners develop and maintain practice that is critically reflective, emotionally intelligent and self-aware. The result of this will be a social worker who is able to manage their own values, as well as understanding and applying the ethics and values of social work, which should be the benchmark for any capable practitioner. An Active Learning Handbook. Course Design for Reflective Practice, Aldershot: Reflective Practice For Social Workers: Dissonance between personal and professional values: Resolution of an ethical dilemma.
Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics, 8 2 Interviewing and change strategies for helpers: Challenging unjust policies and practices Social workers have a duty to bring to the attention of their employers, policy makers, politicians and the general public situations where resources are inadequate or where distribution of resources, policies and practice are oppressive, unfair, harmful or illegal.
Working in solidarity Social workers, individually, collectively and with others have a duty to challenge social conditions that contribute to social exclusion, stigmatisation or subjugation, and work towards an inclusive society. Principles Upholding the values and reputation of the profession Social workers should act at all times in accordance with the values and principles of the profession and ensure that their behaviour does not bring the profession into disrepute.
Being trustworthy Social workers should work in a way that is honest, reliable and open, clearly explaining their roles, interventions and decisions and not seeking to deceive or manipulate people who use their services, their colleagues or employers. Maintaining professional boundaries Social workers should establish appropriate boundaries in their relationships with service users and colleagues, and not abuse their position for personal benefit, financial gain or sexual exploitation.
Making considered professional judgements Social workers should make judgements based on balanced and considered reasoning, maintaining awareness of the impact of their own values, prejudices and conflicts of interest on their practice and on other people. Being professionally accountable Social workers should be prepared to account for and justify their judgements and actions to people who use services, to employers and the general public.
Ethical practice principles Social workers have a responsibility to apply the professional values and principles set out above to their practice. They should act with integrity and treat people with compassion, empathy and care. The ethical practice principles apply across the UK but they are not intended to be exhaustive or to constitute detailed prescription.
There will be variations in interpretation and guidance in the different countries. Social workers should take into account appropriate codes of practice, legislation, governance frameworks, professional practice and training standards in each UK country, provided they are consistent with the Code of Ethics. Social workers should strive to carry out the stated aims of their employers or commissioners, provided they are consistent with the Code of Ethics.
BASW expects employers to have in place systems and approaches to promote a climate which supports, monitors, reviews and takes the necessary action to ensure social workers can comply with the Code of Ethics and other requirements to deliver safe and effective practice. Social workers should communicate effectively and work in partnership with individuals, families, groups, communities and other agencies.
They should value and respect the contribution of colleagues from other disciplines. Social workers should support people to reach informed decisions about their lives and promote their autonomy and independence, provided this does not conflict with their safety or with the rights of others. Social workers need to acknowledge the impact of their own informal and coercive power and that of the organisations involved. They should enable people to access all information recorded about themselves, subject to any limitations imposed by law.
Social workers should assist people to understand and exercise their rights including making complaints and other remedies. They should exercise authority appropriately to safeguard people with whom they work and to ensure people have as much control over their lives as is consistent with the rights of others. Social workers should recognise their own prejudices to ensure they do not discriminate against any person or group.
They should ensure that services are offered and delivered in a culturally appropriate manner. They should challenge and seek to address any actions of colleagues who demonstrate negative discrimination or prejudice.
They should challenge the abuse of power and the exclusion of people from decisions that affect them. Social workers should not collude with the erosion of human rights or allow their skills to be used for inhumane purposes such as systematic abuse, detention of child asylum seekers and threats to family life of those in vulnerable positions.
Research and Anti-oppressive Practice - SAGE Research Methods
Exceptions to this may only be justified on the basis of a greater ethical requirement such as evidence of serious risk or the preservation of life. Social workers need to explain the nature of that confidentiality to people with whom they work and any circumstances where confidentiality must be waived should be made explicit.
Social workers should identify dilemmas about confidentiality and seek support to address these issues. They should record only relevant matters and specify the source of information.
Social workers should recognise the limits of their practice and seek advice or refer to another professional if necessary to ensure they work in a safe and effective manner. BASW expects all employers to provide appropriate professional supervision for social workers and promote effective team work and communication. They need to keep up to date with relevant research, learning from other professionals and service users. They should engage in ethical debate with their colleagues and employers to share knowledge and take responsibility for making ethically informed decisions.
They should endeavour to seek changes in policies, procedures, improvements to services or working conditions as guided by the ethics of the profession. They should identify, develop, use and disseminate knowledge, theory and practice. They should contribute to social work education, including the provision of good quality placements, and ensure students are informed of their ethical responsibilities to use the Code in their practice.
They should analyse and evaluate the quality and outcomes of their practice with people who use social work services. Appendix Some working definitions of key terms adapted from Banks, S. Although the subject matter of ethics is often said to be human welfare, the bigger picture also includes the flourishing of animals and the whole ecosystem.
Professional ethics concerns matters of right and wrong conduct, good and bad qualities of character and the professional responsibilities attached to relationships in a work context. Principles and standards or rules Principles are essential norms in a system of thought or belief, which form the basis of reasoning in that system.
In codes of ethics principles are often divided into two kinds: Standards can also be divided into two kinds, although often they are not clearly distinguished in codes of ethics: